Community Wellbeing Survey
Wellbeing in a regional unit of community, beyond the individual, subjective levels, has increasingly piqued interests of scholars of the world. Previous studies on wellbeing tended to focus on concepts that are usually measured on individual units of analysis such as quality of life, happiness, and life satisfaction. However, community-based wellbeing focuses on the collective aspect of wellbeing while it is also considered as an umbrella concept that encompasses individual wellbeing, too.
CWB(Community Well-Being) is not a mere application of personal wellbeing or happiness to a community level, but a concept revolving around the communities’ regional assets. One way to measure CWB in a given community is collecting data on the community members’ intersubjective evaluations of their satisfaction level and quality of life based on their community’s assets. Community Wellbeing Research Center of GSPA(Graduate School of Public Administration), Seoul National University has been one of the leading pioneers in the field of CWB.
Community Wellbeing Research Center(CWRC) formulated its own index of CWB utilizing various regional assets of communities and is currently on the verge of developing Gloabl Community Well-Being Index(GCWBI). CWRC attempts to measure CWB in South Korea by conducting Community Wellbeing survey. Continuous review and improvements on the index has promoted its reliability as an indicator for CWB.
2. Survey Questions
CWRC set forth its preliminary research for development of CWB index by surveying 100 residents in a particular Gu(district) of Seoul. After a careful examination of the questionnaire’s validity and reliability of this pilot survey, Subsequently, CWB survey expanded its respondent group to a national level. Researchers conducted a random sample selection considering its gender and age group, which included about 2,700 adult residents in 27 local districts of South Korea.
CWB survey aims to collect and analyze data on the communities’ 6 capitals(human resources, economic, natural, social, infrastructure, and governance) and ultimately evaluate their objective, intersubjective, and subjective wellbeing. To be more specific, the questionnaire is composed of 42 indicators that measure various aspects of the 6 capitals ; these capitals include human resources(education, health, welfare), economy(employment, regional economy), society(community bond, civic virtue, trust, culture), environment, infrastructure(housing, ICT, transportation, safety), and governance. Hopefully, CWB survey results will be used as invaluable data for developing policies in the near future and wil also contribute to increase in CWB level in actual community life of citizens.